Stakeholder management is just good management and will lead to maximizing profits. Edward freeman is olsson professor of business administration and co chapter 1 is based on freeman, wicks, and parmar, stakeholder theory as. The stakeholder theory evolved in different forms over the period, has assumed much popularity and a distinct place in the business ethics literature. This book examines this body of research and assesses its relevance for our understanding of modern. Most importantly it provides principles and guidelines for a more just and humane capitalism as well as a more successful capitalism of value creation. Among these, stakeholder theory or stakeholder thinking has emerged as a new narrative to understand and remedy three interconnected business problemsthe problem of. And in 2010, freeman and his colleagues published stakeholder theory. This book examines this body of research and assesses its relevance for our understanding of modern business. In this article, we examine these three aspects of the. It addresses morals and values in managing an organization, such as those related to corporate social responsibility, market economy, and. Attributes of valuecreating stakeholder relationships. What can the history of state run enterprises teach us in the postenron era. The stakeholder theory, as with any new theory, suffers from numerous shortcomings and imperfections owing in part to vagueness, ambiguity and breadth of the stakeholder theory itself and in part to its wideranging intuitive appeal, critiques.
Business roundtable institute for corporate ethics, 2006, 6. Stakeholder theory, corporate governance and public. It draws together research of over thirty years as it has been applied in a number of business contexts, in a way that allows readers to understand the evolution of theory, how it has been applied and what future avenues need exploration. In this article, we examine these three aspects of the theory. Even competitors are sometimes counted as stakeholders their status being derived from their capacity to affect the firm and. The state of the art available in hardcover, paperback, nook book. The stakeholder perspective has provided a rich forum for a variety of debates at the intersection of business and society. Stakeholder theory is a view of capitalism that stresses the interconnected relationships between a business and its customers, suppliers, employees, investors, communities and others who have a stake in the organization. The stakeholder theory, as with any new theory, suffers from numerous shortcomings and imperfections owing in part to vagueness, ambiguity and breadth of the stakeholder theory itself and in part to its wideranging intuitive appeal, critiques are often implicit phillips, freeman and wicks, 2003.
Among these, stakeholder theory or stakeholder thinking has emerged as a new narrative to understand and remedy three interconnected business. However, most project managers live in a world characterized by uncertainty. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. It provides a stakeholder value creation framework derived from key. While stakeholder theorys state of the art needs some expansion and updating, particularly in the managerial realm, this book remains an extensive record of academic effort to date and additional areas to be included and explored further. Edward freeman published his landmark book, strategic management. The stakeholder perspective is an alternative way of understanding how companies and people create value and trade with each other. In the intervening years, the literature on stakeholder theory has become vast and diverse. While most business model frameworks envision value creation as a unidirectional flow between the focal business and its customers, this article presents a broader view based on a stringent application of stakeholder theory.
For the last 30 years a growing number of scholars and practitioners have been experimenting with concepts and models that facilitate our understanding of the complexities of todays business challenges. Business models are developed and managed to create value. Strong stockholder doctrine was articulated in dodge brothers v. Preston university of maryland the stakeholder theory has been advanced and justified in the man agement literature on the basis of its descriptive accuracy, instrumen tal power, and normative validity. While there is disagreement among stakeholder theorists about the scope and precise meaning of both stakeholder and theory, we shall take stakeholder theory to denote the body of research which has emerged. Scholars gathered for two consecutive years, first in north america, and then in europe, to discuss the major issues surrounding what has come to be known as stakeholder theory, to attempt to find common ground, and to uncover areas in need. Ed has also published business case studies and technical notes on this topic. Shareholder theory economist milton friedman, whose work shaped much of 20thcentury corporate america, was a believer in the freemarket system and no government intervention. The stakeholder theory is a theory of organizational management and business ethics that. A stakeholder theory perspective on business models. It has much to offer all the various business disciplines.
A stakeholder approach, a work that set the agenda for what. The stakeholder theory has been advanced and justified in the management literature on the basis of its descriptive accuracy, instrumental power, and normative validity. The book is a great tool for those who want to have a deep understanding of different perspectives of stakeholder theory. Roughly speaking, enron has done for reflection on corporate governance what aids did for research on the immune system. After youve bought this ebook, you can choose to download either the pdf version or the. Stakeholder theory instead argues that there are other parties involved, including employees, customers, suppliers, financiers, communities, governmental bodies, political groups, trade associations, and trade unions. Jan 19, 20 freeman re, velamuri sr, moriarty b 2006 company stakeholder responsibility.
It seems pertinent to know these forms of stakeholder theory and distinguish between them for better understanding of the subject. A number of tensions have been suggested between stakeholder theory and strategic management sm. Keywords stakeholder theory, stakeholder management, international research, effective management, business ethics, ethical decision mak ing. Stakeholder theory pertains to relationships with multiple stakeholders freeman, 1984. Stakeholder theory is a theory of organizational management and ethics phillips et al. Pdf stakeholder theory the state of the art jader melo. Stakeholder theory is a critique of the strong stockholder doctrine in u. The state of the art cambridge university press that summarizes the body of research that has accumulated and made the case that business is about creating value for stakeholder. The question we ultimately ask is whether it is because of stakeholder theorys apparent facility that it is so pleasing even though its false evidence may in fact be masking ambiguities that could lead many analysts astray, whether or not they lend any. Freeman, harrison and zyglidopoulos discuss the foundation concepts and implementation of stakeholder management as well as the advantages this approach provides to firms and their managers. Oct 31, 2017 for the last 30 years a growing number of scholars and practitioners have been experimenting with concepts and models that facilitate our understanding of the complexities of todays business challenges. It is global in scope, well documented, and coherently argued. Project relationships and the stakeholder circle pdf. It is not the purpose of this paper to provide an overview of the vast literature on corporate social responsibility csr, stakeholder theory sht and the socalled triple bottom line 3bl.
Under this reading friedman is at least an instrumental stakeholder theorist. A stakeholder approach, a work that set the agenda for what we now call stakeholder theory. A paper that focuses on employees exclusively, even if it uses stakeholder theory to build out its arguments, would fall into an area like organizational behavior, human capital, or human resources strategy. Freeman re, velamuri sr, moriarty b 2006 company stakeholder responsibility. Stakeholders and the moral responsibilities of business. Stakeholder theory and the corporate objective revisited organization science 153, pp. The theory involves the consideration of stakeholders and their relationships with the firm as a series of activities leading to end results that are implicitly value and moralladen phillips et al. The state of the art, cambridge university press, 2010 freeman reading friedman cont. This article and the others in this special issue aim to help fill that void. In response to the limits of prior studies, we propose a relevant conceptual approach by moving from a stakeholder relational perspective, anchored in recent studies on social network theory, to a stakeholder relational ontology, anchored in actornetwork theory. These relationships can be framed in a variety of ways.
Stakeholder theory and the corporate objective revisited. The stakeholder theory is a theory of organizational management and business ethics that accounts for multiple constituencies impacted by business entities like employees, suppliers, local communities, creditors, and others. Stakeholder theory is part of a comprehensive project that views the organisationgroup relationship as both a foundation and a norm. Jun 21, 2015 stakeholder theory united diversity library r. Originalityvalue research on stakeholder theory in an international context is both lacking and sorely needed. It provides a stakeholder value creation framework derived from key characteristics of stakeholder theory.1652 522 620 256 494 865 878 396 1067 691 399 1566 1083 1592 1364 1154 1602 646 562 1287 1582 972 556 926 11 544 1126 284 1109 623